Trichy, the shortened name for the longer and more authentic Tiruchirappalli – was first documented in history during the 3rd century BCE, when it was under the suzerainty of the Cholas, although it fell to other dynasties later. The Kaveri delta begins her formation close by and to the west of the city of Thiruchirapalli. Here, two streams occur —the Kaveri and the Kollidam—which enclose the important island of Srirangam.
The historical monuments in Tiruchirappalli include the Rock Fort, the iconic Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam and the Jambukeswarar temple at Thiruvanaikaval, the Samayapuram Mariamman temple, the Erumbeeswarar temple,Ukrakaliamman temple in Tennur and the temples in Uraiyur,
Archaeologically significant, the town of Uraiyur, once the capital of the Early Chola dynasty, is now a suburb of Tiruchirappalli.
Inextricably synonymous with Trichy, the Rock Fort stands atop a 273 ft high rock, accommodating numerous monolithic rock-cut cave temples. The Ranganathaswamy temple and the Jambukeshwarar temples are considered the finest examples of Dravidian architecture among all the exquisite temples of Trichy.